Original Author: Mai Yanting
Published Time: 21 FEB 2021
Hong Kong has experienced three waves of immigration in recent decades, one in 1990, after the June 4th Tiananmen massacre in the mainland of China. The second time was before the return of Hong Kong in 1997. The third time was after a few months of democratic protests in Hong Kong since 2019 and had no results. All these three immigration waves mainly happen due to political reasons. Hong Kong people deeply concern the dictatorship of the Chinese Communist Party will ruin Hong Kong. And now it is happening. It is better to leave Hong Kong now as Mr. Miles Guo recommended to the Hong Kong young patriots in his live broadcast. I agree with him. (The comments only represent my personal opinion.)
Original Article Translation:
Hong Kong, which is hit by the epidemic and changes due to the bad political environment, now has to face the ensuing demographic crisis. According to Hong Kong government data, the population of Hong Kong fell to 7.474 million last year, a decrease of 0.6% from the previous year; this is the first time that Hong Kong has 6,700 people. The negative population growth of China is related to the net emigration of nearly 50,000 people. The related population loss reached a record high in 35 years, which is more serious than the immigration wave triggered by the June 4th, 1989 massacre. One Hong Kong scholar Ye Zhaohui pointed out that the “death cross” of negative population growth occurred six years earlier than expected, and the immigration wave caused by political factors can no longer be supplemented by people immigrating to Hong Kong from the mainland of China, urging the Hong Kong government to respond as soon as possible.
According to the latest population data released by the Bureau of Statistics of the Hong Kong Government on the 18th, as of the end of last year, Hong Kong had a “death cross” with more deaths than births. The population growth rate was minus 0.089%, which brought Hong Kong into an era of negative population growth. The third region with negative population growth after South Korea and Taiwan. Professor Ye Zhaohui of the Department of Social Work and Social Administration of the University of Hong Kong wrote in Ming Pao (one magazine published in Hong Kong) that the declining birthrate of the overall population of Hong Kong is the general trend. Besides, the percentage of single men and women in Hong Kong remains at about 20% to 30%. It is foreseeable that this low birthrate Even if the local economy improves, it will not have a great stimulus effect.
On the other hand, statistics from the Bureau of Statistics show that 49,900 people moved out of Hong Kong last year, while only 10,100 people came to Hong Kong from the mainland of China with one-way permits, breaking Hong Kong’s nine-year record of “net migration” in which more people moved in than they left. The number of “net emigrations” reached 39,800, a record high in 35 years.
The RFI TV can only find official records of 35 years from 1986 to the present. In the past only five years, there has been a “net out” situation in which more people moved out of Hong Kong than moved in. The number of people ranged from 3,100 to 25,800. The 39,800 net emigrations last year were low. The population loss in Hong Kong last year was more serious than the wave of immigration triggered by China’s “June 4th, 1989 Tiananmen Massacre”. The net emigration population in 1990 was 23,700.
A spokesman for the Hong Kong Government pointed out that the net migration of the population last year was related to the significant reduction in the number of immigration due to the implementation of border controls in various places due to the epidemic. Take one-way permit holders as an example, it dropped by 74% compared to the previous year. Also, Hong Kong people living abroad have not been able to return to Hong Kong.
However, the columnist under the pseudonym “Gu Rong” questioned the Hong Kong government’s statement. He pointed out that “a national security law, a series of large-scale raids, and even the judicial system on which the success is based are gradually fragmented… Those who can send away children or with fertility plans will be put on hold, and the next few years will also be a bear market in Hong Kong’s birth rate.” He added, “When even the net migration is reversed, the speed and the number of people leaving exceeds the Chinese who were sent by the Chinese Communist Party, and Hong Kong’s population is also reaching its ultimate goal-death cross.”
Professor Ye Zhaohui, who is also a non-official member of the Population Policy Steering Committee, also pointed out that in the face of Hong Kong entering an era of negative population growth, and other places are constantly beckoning to the local population to emigrate, the United Kingdom alone introduced the BNO to support the deteriorating political situation in Hong Kong. The “5+1” immigration plan that some people have applied for may attract more than 300,000 people to immigrate to the country in the next five years. Hong Kong can only use one-way witnesses as a supplement. This will make Hong Kong’s population development more than in 1997. “Affected by larger and more far-reaching immigration waves” before the reunification.
He added that according to media reports, many of those planning to emigrate are medical staff. If this happens, the Hong Kong government will not have enough manpower to cope with the increased medical demand even if it continues to build hospitals and improve facilities in the future.
He is also dissatisfied that the Hong Kong government’s population policy is too passive and responds to the challenge of low fertility, not as active as Singapore and Taiwan. He suggested that the authorities increase artificial intelligence to replace labor-intensive types of work; improve manpower training and build a family-friendly workplace and care for the society, all of which are expected to improve the citizens’ willingness to bear children, emphasizing that this is a pragmatic and livelihood government Basic responsibility.