川普政府今日宣布投资10亿用于发展人工智能、量子信息科学、5G通信等新兴技术

图片来源: Franck V. on Unsplash

The Trump Administration Is Investing $1 Billion in Research Institutes to Advance Industries of the Future

川普政府将向研究机构投资10亿美元,以推动未来产业的发展

August 26, 2020

发布日期:2020年8月26日

By: Michael Kratsios and Chris Liddell

The Trump Administration is taking strong action to ensure American leadership in the industries of the future—artificial intelligence (AI), quantum information science (QIS), 5G communications, and other key emerging technologies that will shape our economy and security for years to come.

川普政府正在采取强有力的行动,以确保美国在未来产业 — 人工智能(AI)、量子信息科学(QIS)、5G通信和其它关键的新兴技术中的领导地位,这些技术将在未来几年塑造我们的经济和安全。

Today, the White House, the National Science Foundation (NSF), and the Department of Energy (DOE) announced more than $1 billion in awards for the establishment of 12 new AI and QIS research and development (R&D) institutes nationwide.

今天,白宫、美国国家科学基金会(NSF)和能源部(DOE)宣布了超过10亿美元的基金,用于在全国范围内建立12个新的AI和QIS研发机构。

Together, NSF’s AI Research Institutes and DOE’s QIS Research Centers will serve as national R&D hubs for these critical industries of the future, spurring innovation, supporting regional economic growth, and training our next generation workforce.

美国国家科学基金会的人工智能研究所和能源部的QIS研究中心将共同成为这些未来关键产业的国家研发中心,刺激创新,支持区域经济增长,并培养我们的下一代劳动力。

The National Science Foundation and additional Federal partners are awarding $140 million over five years to a total of seven NSF-led AI Research Institutes. These collaborative research and education institutes will focus on a range of AI R&D areas, such as machine-learning, synthetic manufacturing, precision agriculture, and forecasting prediction. Research will take place at universities around the country, including the University of Oklahoma at Norman, the University of Texas at Austin, the University of Colorado at Boulder, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the University of California at Davis, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

美国国家科学基金会和其它联邦合作伙伴将在5年内向美国国家科学基金会领导的总共7个人工智能研究所提供1.4亿美元的资金。这些合作研究和教育机构将专注于一系列人工智能研发领域,如机器学习、合成制造、精准农业和预测预报。研究将在全国各地的大学进行,包括俄克拉荷马大学诺曼分校、德克萨斯大学奥斯汀分校、科罗拉多大学博尔德分校、伊利诺伊大学厄巴纳-香槟分校、加州大学戴维斯分校和麻省理工学院。

NSF anticipates making additional AI Research Institute awards in the coming years, with more than $300 million in total awards, including contributions from partner agencies, expected by next summer. Overall, NSF invests more than $500 million in artificial intelligence activities annually and is the largest Federal driver of nondefense AI R&D.

美国国家科学基金会预计,未来几年将追加人工智能研究所的奖励,预计到明年夏天,包括合作机构的捐款在内,基金总额将超过3亿美元。总体而言,美国国家科学基金会每年对人工智能活动的投资超过5亿美元,是联邦非国防人工智能研发的最大推动力。

To establish the QIS Research Centers, DOE is announcing up to $625 million over five years to five centers that will be led by DOE National Laboratory teams at Argonne, Brookhaven, Fermi, Oak Ridge, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratories. Each QIS Center will incorporate a collaborative research team spanning multiple institutions as well as scientific and engineering disciplines. The private sector and academia will be providing another $300 million in contributions for the centers.

为了建立QIS研究中心,能源部宣布在5年内向5个中心提供高达6.25亿美元的资金,这5个中心将由能源部在阿贡、布鲁克海文、费米、橡树岭和劳伦斯伯克利国家实验室的国家实验室团队领导。每个QIS中心都将组建一个跨多个机构以及科学和工程学科的合作研究团队。私营部门和学术界将为这些中心贡献另外3亿美元。

The centers will focus on a range of key QIS research topics including quantum networking, sensing, computing, and materials manufacturing. Through this critical, basic R&D, our Nation will have a strong foundation for the future of commercial technologies underpinned by QIS.

这些中心将专注于一系列关键的QIS研究课题,包括量子网络、传感、计算和材料制造。通过这种关键的基础研发,我国将为未来以QIS为基础的商业技术奠定坚实的基础。

The establishment of these new national AI and QIS institutes will not only accelerate discovery and innovation, but will also promote job creation and workforce development. NSF’s AI Research Institutes and DOE’S QIS Research Centers will include a strong emphasis on training, education, and outreach to help Americans of all backgrounds, ages, and skill levels participate in our 21st-century economy.

这些新的国家人工智能和QIS研究所的建立不仅将加速发现和创新,而且还将促进就业和劳动力发展。美国国家科学基金会的人工智能研究所和能源部的QIS研究中心将大力强调培训、教育和推广,以帮助不同背景、年龄和技能水平的美国人参与21世纪的经济。

Importantly, these institutes are a manifestation of the uniquely American free-market approach to technological advancement. Each institute brings together the Federal Government, industry, and academia, positioning us to leverage the full power and expertise of the United States innovation ecosystem for the betterment of our Nation.

重要的是,这些机构体现了美国独特的自由市场技术进步方式。每个研究所都将联邦政府、工业界和学术界聚集在一起,使我们能够充分利用美国创新生态系统的力量和专门知识,以改善我们的国家。

As history has shown, America is a country of thinkers, doers, and innovators. The United States is the proud home of the greatest technological breakthroughs the world has ever known, from creating the modern Internet to putting humans on the moon. Emerging technologies like AI and QIS will lead to transformative benefits for the American people in healthcare, communications, manufacturing, agriculture, transportation, security, and beyond.

历史表明,美国是一个由思想家、行动家和创新者组成的国家。从创造现代互联网到将人类送上月球,美国是世界上最伟大的技术突破的骄傲之乡。AI和QIS等新兴技术将为美国人民在医疗、通信、制造业、农业、交通、安全等领域带来变革性的利益。

Today’s announcement of $1 billion invested in AI and QIS research centers builds upon more than three years of action and demonstrates our commitment to continued technological leadership.

今天宣布向人工智能和QIS研究中心投资10亿美元,是在三年多行动的基础上进行的,表明了我们对持续技术领先的承诺。

The Trump Administration is making sure the next cutting-edge innovations are made in America, ensuring the American people live healthier, safer, and more prosperous lives.

川普政府正在确保下一个尖端创新在美国制造,确保美国人民生活更健康、更安全、更繁荣。

图片来源:https://www.whitehouse.gov/

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