川普政府今日宣佈投資10億用於發展人工智能、量子信息科學、5G通信等新興技術

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The Trump Administration Is Investing $1 Billion in Research Institutes to Advance Industries of the Future

川普政府將向研究機構投資10億美元,以推動未來產業的發展

August 26, 2020

2020年8月26日

By: Michael Kratsios and Chris Liddell

The Trump Administration is taking strong action to ensure American leadership in the industries of the future—artificial intelligence (AI), quantum information science (QIS), 5G communications, and other key emerging technologies that will shape our economy and security for years to come.

川普政府正在採取強有力的行動,以確保美國在未來產業 — 人工智能(AI)、量子信息科學(QIS)、5G通信和其它關鍵的新興技術中的領導地位,這些技術將在未來幾年塑造我們的經濟和安全。

Today, the White House, the National Science Foundation (NSF), and the Department of Energy (DOE) announced more than $1 billion in awards for the establishment of 12 new AI and QIS research and development (R&D) institutes nationwide.

今天,白宮、美國國家科學基金會(NSF)和能源部(DOE)宣佈了超過10億美元的基金,用於在全國範圍內建立12個新的AI和QIS研發機構。

Together, NSF’s AI Research Institutes and DOE’s QIS Research Centers will serve as national R&D hubs for these critical industries of the future, spurring innovation, supporting regional economic growth, and training our next generation workforce.

美國國家科學基金會的人工智能研究所和能源部的QIS研究中心將共同成為這些未來關鍵產業的國家研發中心,刺激創新,支持區域經濟增長,並培養我們的下一代勞動力。

The National Science Foundation and additional Federal partners are awarding $140 million over five years to a total of seven NSF-led AI Research Institutes. These collaborative research and education institutes will focus on a range of AI R&D areas, such as machine-learning, synthetic manufacturing, precision agriculture, and forecasting prediction. Research will take place at universities around the country, including the University of Oklahoma at Norman, the University of Texas at Austin, the University of Colorado at Boulder, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the University of California at Davis, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

美國國家科學基金會和其它聯邦合作夥伴將在5年內向美國國家科學基金會領導的總共7個人工智能研究所提供1.4億美元的資金。這些合作研究和教育機構將專注於一系列人工智能研發領域,如機器學習、合成製造、精准農業和預測預報。研究將在全國各地的大學進行,包括俄克拉荷馬大學諾曼分校、德克薩斯大學奧斯汀分校、科羅拉多大學博爾德分校、伊利諾伊大學厄巴納-香檳分校、加州大學戴維斯分校和麻省理工學院。

NSF anticipates making additional AI Research Institute awards in the coming years, with more than $300 million in total awards, including contributions from partner agencies, expected by next summer. Overall, NSF invests more than $500 million in artificial intelligence activities annually and is the largest Federal driver of nondefense AI R&D.

美國國家科學基金會預計,未來幾年將追加人工智能研究所的獎勵,預計到明年夏天,包括合作機構的捐款在內,基金總額將超過3億美元。總體而言,美國國家科學基金會每年對人工智能活動的投資超過5億美元,是聯邦非國防人工智能研發的最大推動力。

To establish the QIS Research Centers, DOE is announcing up to $625 million over five years to five centers that will be led by DOE National Laboratory teams at Argonne, Brookhaven, Fermi, Oak Ridge, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratories. Each QIS Center will incorporate a collaborative research team spanning multiple institutions as well as scientific and engineering disciplines. The private sector and academia will be providing another $300 million in contributions for the centers.

為了建立QIS研究中心,能源部宣佈在5年內向5個中心提供高達6.25億美元的資金,這5個中心將由能源部在阿貢、布魯克海文、費米、橡樹嶺和勞倫斯伯克利國家實驗室的國家實驗室團隊領導。每個QIS中心都將組建一個跨多個機構以及科學和工程學科的合作研究團隊。私營部門和學術界將為這些中心貢獻另外3億美元。

The centers will focus on a range of key QIS research topics including quantum networking, sensing, computing, and materials manufacturing. Through this critical, basic R&D, our Nation will have a strong foundation for the future of commercial technologies underpinned by QIS.

這些中心將專注於一系列關鍵的QIS研究課題,包括量子網絡、傳感、計算和材料製造。通過這種關鍵的基礎研發,我國將為未來以QIS為基礎的商業技術奠定堅實的基礎。

The establishment of these new national AI and QIS institutes will not only accelerate discovery and innovation, but will also promote job creation and workforce development. NSF’s AI Research Institutes and DOE’S QIS Research Centers will include a strong emphasis on training, education, and outreach to help Americans of all backgrounds, ages, and skill levels participate in our 21st-century economy.

這些新的國家人工智能和QIS研究所的建立不僅將加速發現和創新,而且還將促進就業和勞動力發展。美國國家科學基金會的人工智能研究所和能源部的QIS研究中心將大力強調培訓、教育和推廣,以幫助不同背景、年齡和技能水平的美國人參與21世紀的經濟。

Importantly, these institutes are a manifestation of the uniquely American free-market approach to technological advancement. Each institute brings together the Federal Government, industry, and academia, positioning us to leverage the full power and expertise of the United States innovation ecosystem for the betterment of our Nation.

重要的是,這些機構體現了美國獨特的自由市場技術進步方式。每個研究所都將聯邦政府、工業界和學術界聚集在一起,使我們能夠充分利用美國創新生態系統的力量和專門知識,以改善我們的國家。

As history has shown, America is a country of thinkers, doers, and innovators. The United States is the proud home of the greatest technological breakthroughs the world has ever known, from creating the modern Internet to putting humans on the moon. Emerging technologies like AI and QIS will lead to transformative benefits for the American people in healthcare, communications, manufacturing, agriculture, transportation, security, and beyond.

歷史表明,美國是一個由思想家、行動家和創新者組成的國家。從創造現代互聯網到將人類送上月球,美國是世界上最偉大的技術突破的驕傲之鄉。AI和QIS等新興技術將為美國人民在醫療、通信、製造業、農業、交通、安全等領域帶來變革性的利益。

Today’s announcement of $1 billion invested in AI and QIS research centers builds upon more than three years of action and demonstrates our commitment to continued technological leadership.

今天宣佈向人工智能和QIS研究中心投資10億美元,是在三年多行動的基礎上進行的,表明瞭我們對持續技術領先的承諾。

The Trump Administration is making sure the next cutting-edge innovations are made in America, ensuring the American people live healthier, safer, and more prosperous lives.

川普政府正在確保下一個尖端創新在美國製造,確保美國人民生活更健康、更安全、更繁榮。

圖片來源:https://www.whitehouse.gov/

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